UAE has one of the lowest unemployment levels
in the world, standing at only 2.4 per cent
at the end of 2001 as a result of high growth
in the non-oil economy and a government
drive to find jobs for citizens, according
to official estimates.
country's workforce was estimated at around
2.079 million last year, of which nearly
2.029 million were employed, the Ministry
of Planning said in its 2002 annual report.
means around 50,000 people were jobless,
accounting for about 2.4 per cent of the
total labour force and just 1.4 per cent
of the 3.48 million population.
ministry said it had revised its figures
for the workforce which it earlier estimated
at around 1.85 million at the end of 2001.
said the revision was apparently prompted
by drastic changes in the labour market
as thousands of expatriates had to leave
because of new labour policies while a
large number of nationals are taking up
jobs after reaching the legal job age.
to other developing or even developed
countries, the UAE's unemployment rate
is one of the lowest in the world,"
said a UAE banker.
experts noted official estimates do not
include thousands of illegal expatriate
residents who are not registered with
the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs.
Although some of them have part time jobs
in violation of labour laws, many of them
than 200,000 illegal migrants, mostly
Asians, left the UAE five years ago to
benefit from a general amnesty ordered
by President His Highness Sheikh Zayed
bin Sultan Al Nahyan to clean up the country
from immigration violations and restore
discipline in the job market. Another
spardon is expected to be announced in
the next few weeks.
actual unemployment rates might be higher,
the UAE does not have a real joblessness
given its strong economy and a serious
government campaign to employ nationals
through the creation of new jobs in the
public and private sectors and replacement
of expatriate workers.
said they saw no hurdles for such a campaign
as the non-oil economy is growing by at
least four per cent, which is faster than
the population growth.
means the UAE can cope with the population
growth and at the same time maintain its
high per capita income which has eroded
sharply in other countries in the region,"
an expert said.
breakdown by the Ministry of Planning
showed the UAE has never suffered from
a severe unemployment problem, with the
rate standing at only 1.9 per cent in
fluctuated in the following years but
remained in the range of one to three
level is expected to be maintained in
the following years as the government's
new labour policies focus on employment
of nationals and deportation of unnecessary
and unqualified foreign workers.
private sector will likely play a major
role in the employment of citizens given
its massive potential and the fact that
the public sector is saturated and is
not growing enough to accommodate large
numbers of new jobs.